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  • Researchers at the University of Washington found that a diet that’s30 percent protein helped a group of overweight subjects lose morefat—an average of eight pounds each in three months. It turns out

that the protein helped suppress appetite and boost metabolsim. The

subjects ate about 440 fewer calories per day thanks to an increase in

protein. That could be one more reason a moderate-carb, higher-protein

diet works so well at helping the body shed fat.

• Water appears to be a potent
weapon for dieters. A University ofWashington study found that one glass ofwater halted nightime hunger pangs for

almost 100 percent of subjects. Try it with

a squeeze of lemon.

                                 • Conjugated linoleic acid is                              a fatty acid found in dairy foods and                              beef—and it may help you control your

                              weight. Scientists at the Univerisity of

                              Wisconsin had 40 overweight subjects

                              take four grams of CLA or a placebo

                              with breakfast. After six months the CLA

                              users had lost 1.3 pounds, while those

                              who took the placebo gained 2.4 pounds.

Although CLA isn’t a miracle fat-loss compound, it does appear to be

helpful in curbing fat gain.

 
  • Did you know that cold temperatures tend to stimulate appetite?Folks with naturally low body temperatures are more prone to weightgain because of that. In fact, every degree increase in body temperature

increases metabolism by 14 percent. One reason may be that higher

temperatures are more conducive to growth hormone release. If you’re

training in a cold gym, bundle up to keep your muscles warm, your

metabolism stoked and the GH flowing.

   • Appetizers, if they are the right kind, can de-appetize you. Don’tskip the appetizer: If you want to eat less, have raw vegetables or asalad with low-cal dressing, and tell the waiter to remove the bread from

your table.

   • Here’s another reason to get enough essential fatty acids, oromega fats, every day either from fish or fish-oil supplements. An ’04study reported in the Journal of Nutritional Health and Aging found that

an omega-3 deficiency causes sugar cravings. Get more omega-3s, eat

fewer carbs, lose bodyfat.

   • A study out of Arizona State University found a correlation betweenlow vitamin C and low fat burning during low-intensity exercise.Subjects who were lacking in vitamin C burned 25 percent less fat

than those who had normal vitamin C levels. Giving vitamin C to

those who were deficient upgraded their fat-burning activity. Perhaps

a 500-milligram dose of vitamin C before cardio is good fat-burning

insurance.

   • Growth hormone is a potent fat burner, and one of the biggestsurges of GH occurs in the first two hours of sleep. That means beingrelaxed and getting into deep-sleep mode early, without restlessness, is

important. There are a few things you can do to help make that happen

more readily, like dimming the lights about an hour before bedtime. Light

hampers melatonin, a hormone that regulates your sleep cycle. Also, a

hot tub session or a warm bath can help you fall asleep faster.

  • Artificial sweeteners cause water retention. That includesaspartame, acesulfame K and saccharin. If you’re having trouble gettingthe lean look, drop the diet sodas.
  • Fat in your diet can help you burn more bodyfat. After you’ve beendieting and hit a pleateau, you may want to try eating avocados, coconut
——————An omega-3 deficiency

causes sugar

cravings. Get

more omega-

3s [from fish],

eat fewer

carbs, lose

bodyfat.

 
butter or even some real butter—in moderation, of course. That canactivate more fat-emulsifying enzymes, which are suppressed by strictdieting.
  • Capsaicin gives chili peppers their hot taste and may help fry fatcells. A study reported in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistryfound that fat cells exposed to capsaicin in the lab died. Reason

enough to spice up your diet.

  • Postworkout carbs won’t feed your fat cells. Researchers testedwhat happened when subjects got a 100-gram dose of high-glycemic-index carbs immediately after a hard exercise session, and it actually

increased fat burning.

   • interesting tiptip to help get rid of cellulite and/or prevent it: Sleep naked. Bissoonsays, “Tight elastic on underwear can cut off circulation and inhibit

the lymphatic drainage in thighs and buttocks.” No doubt men will be

spreading this cure like wildfire, which could result in another baby

boom.

   • We’ve all heard that eating six times a day is better for yourhealth than having the normal three square meals, but is there sciencebehind it? Yes, and it goes as far back as 1964. An English researcher

named Fabry found that eating one-sixth of your food six times a

day rather than one-third three times a day speeds weight loss for

the overweight, improves cholesterol numbers and improves glucose

tolerance. More recent studies have also demonstrated that eating

smaller meals more frequently reduces insulin and cortisol output.

Remember, cortisol is the stress hormone that can force your body

to burn muscle tissue for energy and also increase carb cravings.

Apparently, not eating for a number of hours triggers the starvation

mechanism, which causes your body to preserve bodyfat—for famine—

and burn more expendable muscle. Don’t forget to eat!

   • The branched-chain amino acid L-leucine is the most importantof the BCAAs for muscle growth. Research shows that taking evensmall amounts after your workout can significantly improve the anabolic

environment. It may help you burn more fat as well. A Brazilian study

showed that by increasing protein synthesis, L-leucine also amped up

energy expenditure, which translates to a heightened metabolism. Take

 
Protein to Get Lean
   Most people know that to get leaner you have to increase your mealfrequency to five or six a day and err on the side of more protein than carbs.But what type of protein is best when your goal is to drop fat as quickly as

possible without losing valuable muscle?

  Most trainees have chosen whey in the past few years because of itshigh biological value and fast absorption; however, the tide is changing toa fast/slow combo—a mix of whey and casein with a helping of egg.

Why? Casein is a slow-releasing protein, so it protects your muscle from

being used for energy after the fast whey has rapidly moved in and out of

your bloodstream. Casein sticks around and trickle-feeds your muscle tissue

and thwarting humger long after the whey has beat a retreat. That’s good for

metabolic stimulation and satiation.

  Straight whey has also been shown to cause insulin to surge, and insulinturns off the fat-burning process. Yikes!
  What about egg protein? Eggs have been championed as the perfectfood, so having some egg aminos in the mix complements the other twoproteins perfectly.
  In Old School, New Body wemention that we use a packet or halfa packet of Muscle Meals, a meal

replacement with a casein-egg-

whey protein array. Supplements

arent mandatory on the plan, but

they help make eating small protein-

charged meals frequently more

convenient.

  High-protein diets stimulate themetabolism and reduce hunger on low-calorie fat-loss-style diets, and ananabolic/anticatabolic mix extends both of those effects. You can thank

casein’s ability to hang around for hours and hours for those lean-machine

boosts.

 
BCAAs throughout the day—but especially after a workout—to enhancemuscle building and fat burning.
  • Water is important to weight loss. Your metabolism depends on it.A study at the University of Utah found that subjects who drank eight to12 eight-ounce glasses of water a day had faster metabolisms than those

who drank only four glasses.

  • You know that growth hormone is an anti-aging hormone. It’s also amuscle builder and a powerful fat burner. One of the best ways to increaseyour GH is to go for the burn in the gym. Muscle burn is caued by lactic

acid, and studies show that lactic acid in the blood triggers GH release.

Higher reps and/or the F4 method in Old School New Body will ignite

muscle burn so your GH churns.

   • A study reported in Physiology & Behavior showed that exposureto temperatures slightly warmer than comfortable curbed appetite.Subjects who were exposed to a temp of 81 degrees ate 10 percent

less and had a 20 percent reduction in appetite compared to subjects

who were in a 72 degree environment. Keep the thermostat higher to

get leaner—and save summertime electricity too.

   • Recent studies show that as far as fat gain goes, it doesn’t matter ifyou get your calories during the day or at night. That may be true as longas the calorie count is the same. Getting most of your calories at night,

however, has been shown to increase ghrelin, a hormone that causes

hunger, by nightfall the next day. The result is that you tend to binge at

night, a time when you expend the least energy, and that can cause more

fat deposition. In the morning you aren’t hungry, so your body burns

muscle tissue. You don’t get famished again until the evening hours,

when you binge and store more bodyfat. Back-loading most of your

calories at night is a sure way for most people to burn muscle and pack

on fat. Eat less at night and spread your calories throughout the day.

And if you’re training hard, don’t forget to include protein in every meal.

   • Research out of the University of Massachusetts shows that thelonger you sit, the greater your appetite. Sedentary subjects felt almost20 percent hungrier than those who moved more during the day.

Apparently, being still for long periods triggers the release of ghrelin, a

hormone that ups your appetite. If you’ve got a desk job, get up and

move around every 30 minutes.

 
 
carbs to around 30 percent, they burned more fat during workouts thanwhen on their normal diets. Apparently, eating fat makes your musclesmore efficient at extracting oxygen from your bloodstream. More

oxygen facilitates better conversion of fat to energy, and your muscles

turn into fat-burning turbines. So if you go lower carb, increase your

intake of good fats, like those in nuts, fish and avocados,and you’ll

get leaner faster. Incidentally, that finding may be why researchers in

another study found that taking conjugated linoleic acid—a good fat—

prior to workouts burns more fat and builds more muscle. Try about five

grams.

   • You probably know that oatmeal is an excellent choice forbreakfast. A bowl has around 20 grams of slow-releasing carbs, soyou don’t get an insulin spike, plus it gives you about five grams of

fiber. Unfortunately, oatmeal is bland, so most people add sugar. Bad

idea if you’re trying to get lean. To pump up the flavor without the extra

carbs—simple or otherwise, as with fruit—simply add a scoop of your

favorite vanilla protein powder. You’ll get a sweet vanilla taste and a

whopping 20-plus grams of muscle-building protein.

Another Blubber-Burning Fat
  Most of us have heard that the essential fatty acids found in fish and fish-oilcapsules help our bodies burn fat. Now there’s another blubber burner in the fat family:monounsaturated fats.
   According to the February ’08 issue of Prevention, a study conducted at ReinaSofia University Hospital in Córdoba, Spain, fed overweight subjects various diets thatcontained the same number of calories but with different carb and fat contents. The

diet rich in monounsaturated fats prevented the accumulation of belly fat—both

the subcutaneous fat that’s just below the skin and the visceral fat, the deeper, most

dangerous type.

   So where do you get monounsaturated fats? From the oils of certain plants and plantfoods, like olives, nuts and avocado.
  Two other studies of interest: One found that a diet high in monounsaturated fat helpedsubjects lose weight, albeit in small increments, without changing their calorie intake.Another found that a breakfast high in monounsaturated fat can boost calorie burn for five

hours. Guacamole dip for breakfast? No, but maybe some nuts on your cereal or in yogurt

would work.

 
Fat Shrinking and Moderate Drinking
   What’s the secret of staying leanwithout completely cutting out alcohol?First, keep in mind that alcohol is an

energy substrate, so when you drink it,

your body burns it first. That means any

carb and/or fat you eat around the time

you drink alcohol goes to fat cells—like

pretzels, chips, peanuts and even the

carbs in your “fun” beverage.

   1) If possible choose the lowest-carb libation. A good choice is wine atfour grams of carb per glass.
   2) Don’t drink on an empty stomach. Alcohol lowers blood sugar, whichcan make you ravenous for high-carb foods. The solution is to eat a mealof lean protein—chicken or fish—and a high-fiber, low-starch cruciferous

vegetable like broccoli—not potatoes, rice or pasta.

   3) Moderation: Three glasses of wine should be the limit, and stoppingat two is better—and don’t eat carbohydrate around the time you partake.That’s very important because, as mentioned above, it goes right to fat

cells.

   Because your body must burn off the alcohol first, fat burning isessentially switched off until it is metabolized. That’s why you don’t want tochow down on carbs while you drink—have a healthy meal about an hour

or so prior—and it’s also why a low-carb beverage is best.

    Other than those fruity, high-sugar mixed drinks, beer may be the worstfat-adding alcohol because each 12 ounces has about 15 grams of carbsand 150 calories, compared to the 75 or so calories per glass of wine. So

if you drink four beers, that’s 60 grams of carb potentially being stored as

fat—and 600 extra calories. Ouch. That’s going to take you at least an hour

of cardio to burn off.

 
 
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